Sociologists argue that media representations not only stereotype masculinity and femininity into fairly limited forms of behaviour, but also provide gender role models that males and females are encouraged to aspire to. However, Gauntlett points out that sociological analysis of media representations needs to be cautious, because of the sheer diversity of media in Britain. The media generally ignore the fact that a majority of British women go out to work. Men, on the other hand, are seldom presented nude or defined by their marital or family status.
I will deal with the issue of disability within the media first. Research conducted by sociologists such as Cumberbatch and Negrine found that disabled people were predominately portrayed as figures that we should pity, and the media do present stereotypical and stigmatised views of the disabled.
Not seen as equal T. The biggest disability is bad practice attitudes and environment and not the physical conditions. Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan People are brainwashed by the images that the media create and without experience the media is the only form of information that they are provided with regarding disability.
Cumberbatch and Negrine also found that how people responded to the disabled depended on how much experience they had with them.
Those who had more experience and understanding of the disabled were more likely to reject stereotypical representations presented to them. Tom Shakespeare has undertaken extensive research into disability and the media and he looks at pornography VS. Many disabled people find charity ads.
It seems therefore that the media wish to live in denial of their existence and not portraying a fair representation when they do acknowledge them. The same problem occurs with age in the media. Melved says the images of childhood helplessness has resulted in them being presented with wisdom, sanity and sensitivity whereas the adults world such as parents and teachers are portrayed as useless and stupid.
A very good example of this is The Simpsons. However there are critics of Melved that suggest that these images of wisdom are merely the opposite of what is happening in real life and adults still have the power and influence over the children.
Adult influence shapes them.
Children as victims of sexual perverts e. This may or may not work antagonistically with that of their parents and other adults but rather develops separately and is more self-contained. Television producers have recognized this and instead of presenters that are older like an aunty or uncle they have presenters that are only slightly older than themselves like an older brother or sister.
A good example of this would be programmes such as Blue Peter. Geoffrey Pearson in Hooligan argues that while images of youth are predominately negative this is usually contrasted in the media with The Golden Age, where young people knew their place and there was less crime because people respected the police.
The Golden Age is always 20 yrs previous. Therefore the youth of today are bad and the youth of the Golden Age are good. Whereas Hebdige sees the media as merely reflecting the life situations of a teenager Davis goes further and says that the media are effectively creating the teenager.
Modern rap such as Eminem and Marylyn Manson are thought to provoke children into committing violent crimes based on the music itself.
Most sociologists see media representations of teenagers linked to economic and social change. Ageism if we take it from a hegemonic perspective serves to legitimate the way society deals with ageing.
Men were more likely to have desirable qualities such as good health, creative, wealthy, sociable and intelligent whereas the women were more likely to be given negative traits such as rigid and unpleasant.
The girlfriends of older or middle-aged men were typically years younger than them. Vernon et al concluded that women must stay youthful in appearance to be socially acceptable and desirable, whereas this did not so much apply to men. Signorielli carried out one of the largest content analysis of age.
It was based on 14, characters on American television. She found that the very young and the elderly were under-selected in prime-time T. Older actors were less likely to be perceived as good but were also less like to be involved in violent roles than younger characters.
In conclusion sociologists overall seem to agree that the media has a significant effect on the way we portray the disabled and ageism. If education on disability and age was better and people were more informed of their situations then they would be able to refute the images portrayed in the media and we would not have the stereotypical views that we possess today.But, during the long days of summer when kids crave a change of pace, have time to explore subjects more deeply, or could use a little motivation, documentaries can provide a welcome diversion.
They can also be a great pick for families to watch together. Adolf Hitler (born April 20th died April 30th ) was the leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party and Chancellor of Nazi Germany from (Führer from ) to Hitler has been represented in popular culture ever since he became a well-known politician in Germany.
His distinctive image was often parodied by his opponents. While a good amount of great conservative films is produced every year, Hollywood continues to produce films that attempt to normalize and aggrandize amoral lifestyles and liberal bias. Below is a list of some of the more outrageous examples.
It has been pushing for doing away with the idea of personal laws and replacing them with a Uniform Civil Code - a controversial proposal that Muslims have vociferously opposed.
"Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, and mode of audience reception" that is continually evolving and is without clear boundaries.
The Media Discourse Of Youth Subcultures Media Essay. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. particularly in relation to the youth (White, ). Youth was been commodified and portrayed .