We can break the C major scale into two parts: Tetris is so named because blocks have four sides and a tetrachord gets its name from having four notes.
In fact, the essence of noise, "white noise", is basically every pitch at once, so that no particular pitch is heard. One of the things that makes music pleasant to hear and easy to "understand" is that only a few of all the possible pitches are used. But not all pieces of music use the same set of pitches.
In order to be familiar with the particular notes that a piece of music is likely to use, musicians study scales. The set of expected pitches for a piece of music can be arranged into a scale. In a scale, the pitches are usually arranged from lowest to highest or highest to lowestin a pattern that usually repeats within every octave.
Note In some kinds of music, the notes of a particular scale are the only notes allowed in a given piece of music. In other music traditions, notes from outside the scale accidentals are allowed, but are usually much less common than the scale notes. The set of pitches, or notes, that are used, and their relationships to each other, makes a big impact on how the music sounds.
For example, for centuries, most Western music has been based on major and minor scales. That is one of the things that makes it instantly recognizable as Western music. Much though not all of the music of eastern Asia, on the other hand, was for many centuries based on pentatonic scales, giving it a much different flavor that is also easy to recognize.
Some of the more commonly used scales that are not major or minor are introduced here. Pentatonic scales are often associated with eastern Asia, but many other music traditions also use them.
Blues scales, used in blues, jazz, and other African-American traditions, grew out of a compromise between European and African scales. Some of the scales that sound "exotic" to the Western ear are taken from the musical traditions of eastern Europe, the Middle East, and western Asia.
|Major Category – Voice Types by Range and Tessitura||For sources see Trombone History Bibliography. Regiments Feldmusik, a print published by Anton Paterrno, includes both a standard trombone and a rear-facing trombone see detail and full image below; public domain Ryan|
Microtones can be found in some traditional musics for example, Indian classical music and in some modern art music. Note Some music traditions, such as Indian and medieval European, use modes or ragas, which are not quite the same as scales. Please see Modes and Ragas.
Scales and Western Music The Western musical tradition that developed in Europe after the middle ages is based on major and minor scales, but there are other scales that are a part of this tradition. In the chromatic scale, every interval is a half step.
This scale gives all the sharp, flat, and natural notes commonly used in all Western music. It is also the twelve-tone scale used by twentieth-century composers to create their atonal music. Young instrumentalists are encouraged to practice playing the chromatic scale in order to ensure that they know the fingerings for all the notes.
Listen to a chromatic scale. Chromatic Scale The chromatic scale includes all the pitches normally found in Western music. Note that, because of enharmonic spelling, many of these pitches could be written in a different way for example, using flats instead of sharps.
In a whole tone scale, every interval is a whole step. In both the chromatic and the whole tone scales, all the intervals are the same.
This results in scales that have no tonal center ; no note feels more or less important than the others. Because of this, most traditional and popular Western music uses major or minor scales rather than the chromatic or whole tone scales.
But composers who don't want their music to have a tonal center for example, many composers of "modern classical" music often use these scales. Listen to a whole tone scale. A Whole Tone Scale Because all the intervals are the same, it doesn't matter much where you begin a chromatic or whole tone scale.
For example, this scale would contain the same notes whether you start it on C or E. Go to Solution There is basically only one chromatic scale; you can start it on any note, but the pitches will end up being the same as the pitches in any other chromatic scale.
There are basically two possible whole tone scales. If you need staff paper, you can download this PDF file. Now write a whole tone scale beginning on an a flat.
Pentatonic Scales In Western music, there are twelve pitches within each octave. The thirteenth note starts the next octave. But in a tonal piece of music only seven of these notes, the seven notes of a major or minor scale, are used often. In a pentatonic scale, only five of the possible pitches within an octave are used.
So the scale will repeat starting at the sixth tone. The most familiar pentatonic scales are used in much of the music of eastern Asia.The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or simply bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or metin2sell.com four-string bass is usually tuned the same as the double bass, which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest pitched strings of a guitar (E, A.
The ubiquity of 12 in Western culture probably has much to do with the fact that, prior to Napoleon, Europe as well as most of the rest of the world used a base number system. This is the jazz piano site of Doug McKenzie. It contains many downloadable video files in WMV format and midi files of live played songs.
Click on the links above to access the video, audio and midi files. For many people, listening to music elicits such an emotional response that the idea of dredging it for statistics and structure can seem odd or even misguided.
The key of G has only one sharp (F#). Similar to the above pattern, except the C is a natural - fret above the B.
Start in the 5th fret on G, then play the notes up to high G. The spaces in the bass staff.
The notes in the spaces of the bass staff follow the pattern above as well, with an added bonus! The bass clef is also known as the F clef, and the note below the stave is F which makes it easy to remember.
The spaces on the bass stave are F - A - C - E - G - B.